A special issue of Antibiotics
an open access journal published monthly online by MDPI.
Mycoplasmas are among the smallest forms of life in nature and exist as commensals or pathogens of organisms across the tree of life. They are associated with disease in premature newborn babies and sexually transmitted disease in adults, infectious respiratory disease in domesticated farm animals (pigs, chickens and cattle), as well as wild game (antelope, camels and flamingos), causing infectious damage to fruit crops of citrus trees, and have even been found in jellyfish. The entire over-arching class of Mollicutes to which they belong have no cell wall, scavenge nucleotides from their host and commonly reside within host cells, making them completely resistant to most classes of antibiotics. Therefore, monitoring the evolution and spread of resistance to the remaining effective antibiotics is of international concern. This Special Issue is dedicated to the International Organisation of Mycoplasmology in its continued effort to monitor resistance, develop new antibiotic therapies and guidelines, and develop alternatives for treating Mycoplasma infection in the face of diminishing effective antibiotics.
Dr. Owen B. Spiller